The Somali Body



Jir/ Jidh                                                 Body

Xuban (pl.xubno)                               Body part/s

Madax                                                   Head

Dhuun                                                  Throat

Waji                                                       Face

Can                                                       Cheek

Garr                                                      Chin

Ill (pl.Indho)                                         Eye/s

San                                                            Nose

Faruur/Bishin (pl. bishimo)              lip/s

Af                                                               Mouth

Ilig (pl. ilko)                                           Tooth

Gows (pl. Gowso)                                 Molar tooth

Carrab                                                     Tongue

Cirrid                                                       Gums

Qumman (pl. qummano)                   tonstril/s

Suunyo                                                      Eyebrows

Isha baalkeeda                                      Eyelid

Xaad                                                          ‘Baby hair’

Tin (pl. timo)                                       Hair strand/ Hair

Baar [tinta baarkeeda]                       Hair ends

Af-laaqo                                              Split ends

Sal                                                       (hair) roots

Dheg (pl. dhego)                              Ear/s

Lug (pl. lugo)                                   Leg/s

Kub                                                     calf (as in lower leg)

Low                                                     Knee

Cirrib (pl. cirbo)                             heel

Xabad/Shaf                                      chest

 Feer (pl. feero)                                Rib/s

Calool                                              stomach

 Kelli (pl. kelyo)                              Kidney/s

Beer                                                   Liver

Wadno                                             Heart

Sambab (pl. sambabo)                Lung/s

Dhiig                                              Blood

 Xidid                                             Capillary

Xinjir                                            Blood clot

Halbowle                                    Artery

Maqaar                                         Skin

Dhabar                                        Back

Laf dhabar                                  Spine/spinal cord

Dabo gibin                                   Lower back ( sacrum + coccyx )

Tuur                                              Kyphosis ( hunchback

Gacan (pl. gacmo)                       Hand/s

Calaacal/Sacab                             Palm

Garab (pl.garbo)                         shoulder/shoulder blades

Kilkil                                            Arm pit

 Xiidmo                                      intestines

 Bowdyo                                      thighs

 Seed                                            Ligament

Kaadi-hays                              urinary bladder

 Xameeti                                   Gallbladder

Dareemayaal                           Nerves

Missig (pl. misko)                 Pelvic bone/s

Kala goys/goysyo                  Joints

Farr ( pl. faro)                       Finger/s

Suul / Suulgambi                thumb

Far-yare                                Pinky (little finger)

Fardhexe                               Middle finger

Faadumo                              Ring finger

Murugsato                          Index finger

Suxul                                   Elbow

Laf                                        Bone

Sin                                          Hip

Mergi                                     Tendon

Dhafoor                               Forehead

Canqow                                Ankle

 Dhaban                                Jawline

 Cag                                         Foot

Qoor/luqun                          Neck







10 responses to The Somali Body

  1. Thanks for posting; I’ve always wanted to see a summarised and “written” form of somali language learning. I’ve actually learned a few somali words (never though i’d say this, lol). is there also a way you could present a summarised basic grammar which includes feminine & masculine words as well as pronouns and tenses?


    • Blues Fairy – Author

      I’m glad it’s of use. Why did you never think you’d say that? And can you expound on the basic grammar you had in mind?


      • I never thought I would say that I have learned new Somali words on the Internet, I just thought that I would eventually improve my Somali through conversations with Somalis. With regards to the basic grammar, Its things regarding speech and sentence structure I’ll just list soke of the things that you would consider writing about:
        Prepositions (this one I seriously need)
        Comparative verbs & superlative verbs
        Case (as in subject, object possessive cases)
        And others that I have missed.


      • Blues Fairy – Author

        Thanks for the suggestions. I’ll do my best. Keep suggesting what you’d want to see. I’m currently working on animals (a tough ‘un!)


      • Thank you too! I was recently ridiculed because I didn’t know the terms for sheep and goat. The gender terms is another hurdle I will havelock face, loool


  2. BahjaThinks

    This is great considering the fact that our elders believe we don’t know as much of our language as we should lol quick correction tho..murugsato is index finger, suulgambi is actually another name for the thumb?


  3. Blues Fairy – Author

    oh yeah !! You’re right ! Thanks for catching that !
    I already began testing my parents on difficult words I found and then telling them what the definition — how good it feels to not be clueless for once :p


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